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Email: [email protected]
Phone:+86 (0) 10 65129057
Beijing CBD, Jianguo Rd. 88 Xiandai SOHO
Building B, 5th Floor, Room 504
建国路88号现代城SOHO B座 504
There’s a lot of Chinese characters in total!
How many Chinese characters? Too many!
Due to this, there are a number of Chinese characters that look very, very similar. Hardly surprising given the huge numbers!
Therefore, we’ve decided to give you a helping hand.
Chapter 3 – BONUS: Joker Entries
Chapter 4 – Chinese Character FAQ’s
This blog is aimed at ironing out all those little mistakes you are making, from the very basics, to the more advanced learner!
BONUS – We’ve also got a bonus at the end also. Traditional Chinese characters that look the same as well as Joker entries. Find out more below…
Probably one of the more important ones to iron out given the fact the first character is the Chinese character for I!
The key here is to look for the stroke on the top left of 我, which does not exist on 找.
TIP – Also take care with the characters for money and line 钱 线. These follow a similar pattern in the sense they both look the same on the right hand side but have a different radical on the left.
Struggling to see the difference?
These two are almost identical but for a tiny flick on the Yǐ 已.
TIP – 已 on it’s own means to stop, cease or end whereas 己 means oneself or personal.
A smart way to differentiate these is the 已 (which begins with the letter Y in pinyin), looks more like a y because it has the little flick on that the 己 doesn’t have.
Very careful eye to detail when learning Chinese, but once you know, it’s a piece of cake!
We’d say this is one that stumps people the most, no matter what your level.
Even some of our most advanced students get these mixed and you can see why.
The only difference lies in the horizontal strokes. Wèi has a slightly shorter top. Mò has a slightly shorter 2nd stroke.
These, as you’ll notice, are two fairly common characters and can actually both be used in the same context so be very careful with them.
我本周末要回英国 – I’m going back to the UK this weekend.
她有一个光明的未来 – She has a bright future.
How to remember them? Have your own methods I guess, this is just one of those you might have to drill in multiple times.
OUR METHOD – We, as lovers of the weekend, often say the weekend is TOO SHORT. So why not use this but change too to two (still with us…?)! Two Short, meaning the 2nd stroke is shorter.
Almost identical but not quite…
TIP – 人 as we all know, means person or people whereas 入 means to enter, to go into, to join.
A smart way to differentiate these two characters is to think about the character 人 as two people leaning on each other with their backs, and 入, on the other hand (if you think really hard) looks like an entrance, since the second stroke is longer than the first one.
人 also gives the impression of a person walking, fully upright. Whatever works best for you!
This can be a particularly tricky one to define. The key is defined on the final stroke at the bottom.
TIP – 土 on its own means earth, dust, local and 士 means scholar or soldier/warrior; it also appears in many official titles, such as “Ms., lady” (女士, nǚ shì).
These two characters look frustratingly similar, but we believe that a smart way to differentiate them is to connect 土, and its longer final stroke with the meaning “earth”.
The character 士 is used in a lot of official names and titles, such as 士兵 (soldier), 人士 (public figure), 战士 (fighter; soldier), 士人 (scholar).
So just remember the longer stroke, relates to the Earth!
TIP – Another way you could remember this is that the 3rd tone generally has a longer sound than the 4th tone which is more abrupt and fast. Therefore 土 has a longer stroke at the bottom because of the longer sound.
They sound similar and they look similar, just makes our job even harder.
What’s more, the reason I came across this example was during some studying on the Metro.
I’ve been fully aware of these characters for a while – they are both fairly common, but sat next to each other in a sentence, and you are left bamboozled, or at least I was!
So the difference is minor but we can tell easy enough from the image, just one stroke on the top left of 环 Huán is the difference here.
Now as already stated these are pretty common characters so it’s best to make sure you are aware of these difference early on!
…and some useful words that you may come across are:
Actually the reason I came across this example as stated above was through studying Chinese on my phone.
You’ll see with the screenshot where the confusion came from.
Normally I’d have no problem telling these two apart, but when placed together, in a relatively complex sentence, I was left stumped!
So in a lot of these examples the saving grace is that you’ll rarely see them together in context. This is an exception!
Another head scratcher!
TIP – This is a very good example of when stroke order really, really matters!
These two characters are seemingly similar, but when you look at them closer, you will see that the first stroke in 千 is sloping down and left, and 干 has a horizontal, left-right stroke.
千 is a fairly common character which appears in numbers, since it means “thousand”.
干 on the other hand is a bit more complicated, since it is a result of simplification of several traditional characters (four, to be exact).
This is the reason 干 has several meanings (and even different pronunciations!), such as “dry”, “clean” or “ignore”.
With this pair, it’s not too difficult to spot the difference when you see them side by side.
The character 汪 has an extra line in the middle. It’s made up from 王 meaning ‘king’ with the 3 dots of water radical, whereas 江 is made up of the character 工 with the water radical.
However, the difficulty lies in the fact that both character can be used as surnames. 江 is quite a bit more common than 汪, so be careful if you see it to read it as Wāng and not Jiāng.
On their own:
Little more complex these two, which makes confusing them much easier than others!
And the 3rd example in brackets as a bonus
You’ll actually see the 3rd one all over China for obvious reasons.
Likewise the 1st character 特 in a number of common words such as:
The difference lies in the radical on the left side of the characters. 持 uses the radical for hand, which would explain the meaning to hold or grasp.
TIP – Using radicals to pick apart similar characters is a great way to de-code their meanings.
These are quite awkward to differentiate because of the fairly complex nature of them and number of strokes.
The bottom half of both characters is the same, the top has a slight difference.
幸 is a character you’ll see a lot especially during Chinese New Year due to its meaning. Words associated with positivity include:
Xìng is certainly more common than Xīn, just remember to look out for the top which is where the difference lies.
Two common characters here that you’ll see in most levels from the earlier stages of your Chinese studies:
One of those earlier words you’ll learn will be 今天 meaning today.
Throwing in a 3rd one here you’ll also probably notice this is equally similar
This is another common character which means cold but the saving grace here is the water radical which gives it a key difference.
Back to the first two and the only difference is a final stroke on the end of Lìng which is very easy to miss.
Two characters you’ll see everywhere so be careful!
Not just these words but these two characters are represented in many other common words such as:
Some very widely used words there.
They key difference is the very top where 牛 has a slight extension. 午 cuts off where the two lines meet.
The difference seems clear enough with these (focus on the bottom half of the characters) but it’s still surprisingly easy to get these mixed up.
Ironically both almost have opposite meanings with 尘 focusing on the dust or dirt (based on the ground) and 尖 pointing upwards to the top.
Some vocab including the characters:
Two common characters here but the differences are clear enough to make this not such a complex example.
DISCLAIMER – One thing to note before is that 乐 is one of those confusing characters with two meanings which might add to the confusion. Hear us out…
乐 means to be happy, cheerful or laugh BUT take the word for music:
音乐 – Yīn yuè
See how the second character is pronounced yuè, despite the fact it is the same as Lè.
Be careful, some characters have this double meaning. 了 and 行 are two examples but that conversation is for another day!
Back on topic 东 means East so this is a character you will come across a lot also.
The key difference as you’ll probably have noticed lies across the top where 东 has a perfectly horizontal stroke that is dissected. 乐 is slightly curved with no dissection.
Two of the simpler characters you’ll get to know when learning Chinese.
The tiny vertical flick being the only difference here. Although clear, they are still similar enough to mix up quite easily especially when reading.
There are many useful words to learn with these characters, not least using 力:
We have to confess… this was one that some of our staff members were getting confused with for quite a while.
Again, when the two characters are side by side, it’s not too tricky to see the difference; the strokes are different!
手 flicks to the left, and 毛 flicks to the right.
But when you see one of these on their own, especially when you first start learning Chinese it’s quite a common mistake to get them mixed up.
Here’s what they mean:
Very similar but thankfully the second character is only used in written Chinese and is the more formal version of a more popular character:
DID YOU KNOW – the character for Dog in Chinese (written) is the same as the character for Dog in Japanese! Just a different pronunciation – 犬 (Inu).
大 is incredibly common and is used in many texts, articles etc. It’s also quite an easy one to remember as it appears to resemble a large stick man to represent its meaning, big.
犬 is a character you won’t see much so there is no real worry here about mixing them up.
The more popular and spoken form of 犬 is 狗.
So if you wanted to say big dog you wouldn’t say 大犬, but 大狗.
Oh and just to confuse matters with a third character thrown into the mix – 太.
Now this is a common character and means too as in “too much” or “too tired”. Oh boy!
The key here is the left hand radical. Even then, actually they still look remarkably similar so take care with these.
They could well appear in the same sentence also given the meanings and frequent nature they pop-up in day to day life:
Clearly the word for “who” is one you’ll use a lot. 准 likewise has many other characters which, when paired, have further meanings. Common examples that are useful to learn are:
To further add to the melee, a 3rd character here also falls into the same bracket:
This means to push and you’ll therefore be faced with this on pretty much every public door you stumble across.
TIP – The key to remembering this third one is in the radical again (as is so often the case). See the right hand side? The hand radical is shown. We use our hands to push.
Intriguing example this one because it features one of the most common Chinese characters you’ll find, and another that you won’t stumble across until more advanced stages of learning.
Nonetheless, these have a very similar appearance and can appear in the same context – almost a given considering the fact 要 appears in most sentences!
The latter will appear in some of the first sentences you learn for example:
I need to buy a new phone – 我需要买一部新手机
You’ll notice the difference between the two is subtle, but clear enough with the lack of one stroke in 耍 on the top half of the character.
These two are particularly troublesome, any kind of cursive text or handwriting can make it really difficult to differentiate the them.
Though if you look at the top parts of 布 and 市 you can see they use different strokes
Thankfully their meanings are quite different, so context alone should also help you tell them apart:
Now this is a very interesting example which is so commonly mistaken.
In Chinese “buy and sell” translates to:
买和卖 Mǎi hé mài
Now, although it makes it easy to remember that Buy and Sell have the same pinyin (but different tone), when reading this becomes a whole new challenge.
Throw in the 3rd character and you are left scratching your head!
Reality and to buy are incredibly similar. The key with all three is to keep your eye on the top of the character.
TIP – Sell has a distinctive 十 sign at the top of it. You can remember this by thinking “sell something and you get ten dollars/pounds etc” Remember in Chinese 十 means ten.
To then figure out how to define between 实 and 买 is another challenge!
With these two characters there’s just one line that makes them different.
You can see that 师 has and extra stroke at the top, compared with 帅.
This small difference can make it difficult to tell these two characters apart.
Luckily context should help you differentiate these two characters, although they do look very similar.
The top half of the two characters 农 and 衣 uses different strokes, whereas the bottom half of the characters are identical.
Here are their various meanings:
Just one horizontal stroke is the difference between these two.
Here we have another example where one character is really quite common and the other a more advanced one so this shouldn’t cause issues with the beginner/intermediate learner, but when getting onto more detailed texts like newspapers and novels, you might have to double take!
As you can imagine drought isn’t a word you’ll need an awful lot day-to-day but early is certainly a useful word to have in your bank.
You’ll notice another small difference between the two apart from the extra stroke. Seen it yet?
Note how 早 is actually attached to the top half of the character but 旱 is completely detached. Another way to help differentiate these.
Taking just a quick glance at these two characters, it’s really easy to see how you might mix them up.
The top part of 见 and 贝 are the same, but you might be able to see that the stroke to the bottom right part of each character is different.
Let’s look at what they mean, and how they’re used:
In ancient times shells were used as currency in China, that’s why the character 贝 Bèi is often used as a radical in words that refer to money or financial matters. For example 财富 cáifù means ‘wealth’ or ‘riches’, and 财政 cáizhèng means ‘public finance’.
Be careful with these because one of them has a rather distasteful meaning.
便 – has multiple meanings (as most characters do) but one of the main meanings is urine/excrement. Don’t want to be getting this one mixed up do you?!
That said 便 also means convenient/suitable and appears in common words such as:
Our second character is 使 and means to make/enable or use.
The sole difference is the former include an extra stroke which you’ll be able to spot from the images on the right.
Not the most similar out of all the examples here but still very much worth bringing to your attention.
Two little differences to note:
Of course with the 1st character being water, it’s one you’ll see everywhere whereas the 2nd is isn’t SO common, although still one you’ll see out and about.
Most learners of Chinese stick with the simplified version (the reason being in the name!).
That said there are still plenty of lovers of Traditional Chinese. In fact we teach Traditional Chinese at our Taiwan school so we absolutely cannot ignore these.
Of course, there are a tonne load of examples as many of the characters are far more complex (you don’t think)!
We’ll touch on a few examples which our very own students have said they struggle with from time to time, and also give you the simplified versions because we re nice like that!
SIMPLIFIED VERSIONS – 职 / 识
No fear, if those traditional characters give you a 头疼 (headache), you’ll be glad to know the simplified versions are much more friendly, and actually not as similar!
For the traditional lovers, this gets the cogs in the brain ticking!
Split the character into three parts – left, middle and right.
You’ll see middle and right are identical and just the left is different.
Even then, both include a number of horizontal strokes which just adds to the confusion. Upon looking deep enough we can see the difference with no issue, but upon first glance, and when reading, it’s not so easy!
The meanings of both are:
Annoyingly they could very well be found in the same context too given the meanings! Ouch!
SIMPLIFIED VERSIONS – 办 / 辩
Same sort of method applies here. Break the character down into three parts, left, middle and right.
Where does the difference lie this time?
It’s subtle but it’s in the middle.
This is, again, a set of two where you can clearly see the difference. The problem may well in lie when skim reading per-say.
What you will notice with some “simplified” alternatives is that they haven’t even been simplified at all, at least to our eye.
These two are a great example. 办 has clearly been simplified to far less strokes, 辩 not so much! Still looks quite complex doesn’t it!
DID YOU KNOW – In fact in one instance the simplified version of the traditional character is just a horizontal flip! Madness
That example is this:
夠 and 够
The left is traditional the right is simplified! Work that out!
SIMPLIFIED VERSIONS – 迈 / 遇
Thankfully not the most complex of examples when it comes to number of strokes but still, quite a head scratcher given the fact that, on first glance these two look exactly the same.
As you’ll probably see, just a small radical on the top of Mài 邁 proves to be the difference here.
You’ll notice that the simplified versions are very different with 邁 becoming 迈. The second character remains the same in simplified and traditional.
The difference, when you know it, isn’t too taxing. The issue here is more reading at a fair pace or perhaps reading in certain fonts, where this becomes problematic.
SIMPLIFIED VERSIONS – 变 / 恋
Stroke after stroke after stroke. This is a crazy example but thankfully the radical at the bottom saves us!
The top strokes are plentiful but thankfully to differentiate between these two you don’t need to focus on that part, but just the bottom radical.
A good way to do this is look at 戀 – the radical represents the heart.
You love with your heart meaning this relates to love/attachment to something.
Tired out yet? We are!
But there’s one more element we want to cover quickly!
What are joker entries then?
This is a small list of other very similar Chinese characters, but that you will never necessarily see together due to the fact one of them is incredibly rare, or never used.
That said, they are a point of interest so we wanted to cover a few for you!
This probably the main joker inclusion given that 匕 is a character you’ll near never see on its own so in theory there is no way you can mix these up.
That said, they still have a relatively similar appearance so we thought we’d throw it in here!
七 is very common and means the number 7 in Chinese.
Let’s take an example of another character here:
比 – one of the more common ways you’ll perhaps come across 匕 is using the character to compare (比) with 匕 featuring on the right hand side of the character.
Ironically enough the pinyin, and the tone for this word is exactly the same: Bǐ
So no worries on getting these mixed, but an intriguing example nonetheless.
The saving grace with these is that the 2nd character, ài, is very rarely used and in fact only features in one word – 暧昧 which means ambiguous.
Any other words would be incredibly rare and ones you’ll likely never to stumble across.
That said it’s probably one of the most difficult examples to wrap your head around because the difference between the characters is so subtle you can barely see it.
In handwritten Mandarin, or script, this would be even harder!
The change lies in two tiny downward strokes on the right side of ài.
暖 is far more common than its brother so thankfully this won’t be an issue in most instances.
Ironically enough the two traditional versions are much easier to separate due to the fact they have more strokes. Odd that!
See a similarity with the 便 / 使?
Don’t worry, just because you’ve gotten this far you aren’t barking mad seeing things. These characters are the same as the above, minus the left hand radical.
As you’ll notice one of the character is very commonly used, the other not, simply given their meanings.
The difference is exactly the same as the above example, with the extra stroke in 更. It’s a hugely useful actually and can be used with other familiar characters to emphasize more of something:
Such a broad question and so tough to answer given that every situation is different. That said, we believe if you come to China to learn Chinese, 4 hours a day (20 hours a week) and study for 18 weeks (a Semester), you can reach HSK3 level. Double that to 36 weeks and you can reach HSK4 level which is just over 1,000 characters.
Yes some Chinese characters have different meanings and pronunciations. A couple of common examples are 得 – DE DĚI OR DÉ and 的 – DE, DÍ OR DÌ.
There are some instances where the characters for Chinese and Japanese match but the languages are very different. For a start Chinese doesn’t have an Alphabet, Japanese does (it has three actually, Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji).
You can find a list of the top 100 most common characters in Chinese here.
There are thousands upon thousands of similar Chinese characters, both simplified and traditional and it’s a blog that could never end! But all good things have to come to an end.
GET INVOLVED – That said, we’d love to keep adding to our list here so do you have any examples of two characters you mix up? How do you differentiate them? Tell us with a comment below and we’ll include it as soon as we can!
One final note – we’d like to thank members of the LTL Marketing Team, our students in Beijing, Shanghai and Chengde, and our freelancer Matea for helping put this blog together! Great team effort by all.
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